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如果你要找的是the Warcraft III unit,请访问Priest (Warcraft III).
牧师
Priest Crest.png
适合种族 银月城血精灵男性银月城血精灵女性血精灵
德莱尼男性德莱尼女性德莱尼
矮人男性矮人女性矮人
侏儒男性侏儒女性侏儒
地精男性地精女性地精
暴风城人类男性暴风城人类女性人类
达纳苏斯暗夜精灵男性达纳苏斯暗夜精灵女性暗夜精灵
熊猫人男性熊猫人女性熊猫人
雷霆崖牛头人男性雷霆崖牛头人女性牛头人
巨魔男性巨魔女性巨魔
亡灵男性亡灵女性亡灵
吉尔尼斯狼人男性吉尔尼斯狼人女性狼人
专精 Discipline 戒律 (治疗者)
Holy 神圣 (治疗者)
Shadow 暗影 (远程伤害输出)
能量类型 魔法, 暗影宝珠
主属性 智力
武器类型 法杖, 魔杖, 匕首, 单手 and held in off-hand items excluding shields and weapons
护甲类型 布甲
技能 苦修, 信仰飞跃, 漂浮术, 真言术:盾, 心灵尖啸, 暗影形态
职业
Deathknight Demon hunter Druid Hunter
Mage Monk Paladin Priest
Rogue Shaman Warlock Warrior
“我们内心的信仰让我们变得与众不同,我们有着能改变整个艾泽拉斯的力量。弱者会依赖你,病者会称你为王,无知者会向你寻求指引。”

—— 黑暗牧师杜斯腾

牧师是治疗及减伤的高手,他们可以治疗受伤的队友,也能在战场上为队友加盾,甚至可以复活倒下的队友。牧师有着多种法术能保护或加强队友,同时还能把可怕的仇恨发泄到敌人身上。牧师可以使用圣光的巨大力量来惩击或净化敌人,也能使用暗影的毁灭力量来摧毁敌人的心智。牧师是一个多面且强力的职业,在任何队伍中都受到欢迎,而且能完成各种任务。

戒律牧师和神圣牧师是强大且多面的治疗者,他们有多种方法辅助队友。而暗影牧师使用黑暗、邪恶的魔法来对敌人造成巨量伤害。牧师的多种能力使得他们成为任何团队中重要的角色,不论是PvP还是PvE。这些能力包括治疗并加强队友,避免吸引仇恨驱散敌方的增益法术,驱散友方的减益法术复活倒下的队友。

职业概述

牧师全身心投入神圣之事,通过服务人民来表达他们坚定不移的信仰。几千年前他们就离开自己的庙宇及舒适的神祠,为的是帮助身在战火中的土地的队友。在最激烈的战争中,没有人会质疑牧师会的价值。有了这些治疗大师的陪伴,有了恢复法术,队伍的战斗能力大幅提升。神圣力量在牧师的控制下也可以打向敌人,用神圣怒火惩击敌人。

光与影总是相生的,没有一者可以单独存在。一些牧师在暗影里更好地理解了自己的能力,尽管一些能力威胁到了他们自身。[1]

背景

第三次战争

WC3RoC logo 16x32.png 本段文字所记述的内容来自魔兽争霸III

详见:Priest (Warcraft III)

Priest.gif

一些高等精灵正式离开了联盟,但还是有些留在了他们的人类和矮人盟友中。这些无私的奎尔萨拉斯牧师不肯抛弃他们治疗者的任务,决定无视远在银月城的领主的命令,留存洛丹伦。这些高等精灵牧师用圣光赐予的力量来治疗伤者,稳固着战斗在洛丹伦的精英们的信念。[2]

堕落牧师这些可怜虫曾被视为洛丹伦最虔诚的教徒。但是多年的持续战争带来的苦难已经毁灭掉了他们对圣光的信仰。他们只能向周围的人们散发绝望及消沉。[3]

The RPG Icon 16x36.png 本段文字所记述的内容来自魔兽争霸角色扮演游戏,这些设定可能是非官方设定.

牧师实行一种复杂的、有组织的建立在论理学基础上的精神体系。他们有时会崇敬特定的神(比如艾露恩)或者崇拜其他的神明,而不是像萨满一样崇拜元素,或是像德鲁伊一样与动物及自然保持一种神圣的连接。牧师不但服侍在各自社会中有影响力的人物,同时也帮助神圣魔法的研究者,这让牧师有治疗、保护,或者伤害、削弱的能力。

献身于艾泽拉斯的信仰使许多牧师变得勇敢、英勇。在黑暗时代,牧师身上带着的对圣光的信仰不断提醒他们有一种凡间的人们理解不到的强大力量在支持他们。强力的治疗者们与牧师有着密切联系,牧师被赐予的能力可以在他们最需要时给予帮助[4]

艾泽拉斯,牧师有很多种类。女性牧师被称为“女祭司”。还有一些是圣光的追随者。有的牧师成为了火祭司或高阶祭司,而经验最丰富的则成为精英牧师。不同种族的牧师称谓也不仅相同,巨魔牧师叫做巫医,暗夜精灵女祭司则叫做月之女祭司

历史

一位女矮人牧师

北郡祭司人类牧师,他们在第一次战争中效忠于暴风城国王。祭司在战场上救治伤员,但是他们对这危险的战斗准备不足,所以遭受了惨重的伤亡。这个协会从此几乎被瓦解,第二次战争时,战场上脆弱的牧师被来自白银之手骑士团圣骑士所代替。这是由祭司的领袖大主教阿隆索斯·法奥及他的学徒乌瑟尔·光明使者 创建的。

人类牧师

详见:圣光教堂

德莱尼是有记载以来第一个与“光”有联系的种族,而人类则是艾泽拉斯上第一个发现圣光的种族。人类负责传播圣光到其他种族的领地去,其中最成功的是高等精灵和矮人。人类修建了各种气势非凡的礼拜堂和教堂用以礼拜圣光及传授圣光。对圣光的信仰要求信徒在生活中保持正直。对圣光的信仰并不很崇拜神明,相对而言,种信仰更偏哲学性,这些信徒相信投身于圣光中能让他们与宇宙中一种强大而神秘的力量联系起来。传说有一种叫做“希望”的神圣生命体用一只看不见的手在引导圣光的信徒们。人类中出了很多伟大的牧师,他们可以治疗盟友,也可以用圣光的力量净化敌人。

被遗忘者牧师

一位被遗忘者牧师

有的被遗忘者牧师仍然坚持着以前的信仰,比如圣光[5]有的则已背弃圣光[6]并且在大主教娜塔莉·塞莱恩的教导下成立了被遗忘的暗影教会。尽管他们从虚空摄取能量以达到目的,但他们相信光明与黑暗之间必须保持平衡[7],信徒们必须也懂得光明[8]

巨魔牧师

扎杜鲁,一位巨魔牧师

与萨满和巫医类似,巨魔祭司既是精神指引者,又是守护者。巨魔天性迷信,这让巨魔牧师们能操控精神能量来治疗或伤害他们的目标。巨魔牧师所使用的各种能量来自于多种途径,比如洛阿神之力和巫毒魔法,甚至目标本身。根据不同的灵魂主体,巨魔牧师可以用来自灵魂的祝福之力来进行治愈或伤害。有争议的是,在魔兽世界里,从文化的角度来看,巨魔牧师可以被当成巫医,一种与萨满等同的称谓。

牛头人牧师

哈罗.日落者,一位牛头人牧师

资料片魔兽世界:大地的裂变开放后,牧师可以选择牛头人种族。这些牧师被称为“预言者”,他们在法术中加入安舍(意为太阳)的力量,就如牛头人圣骑士被称为日行者一样。这和暗夜精灵牧师通过他们的女神艾露恩获得月光能量而不是通过圣光一样。大灾变之前就有牛头人预言者存在,但现在他们要么被新的魔法加强,要么从新的血液中获得新生。塔忽•圣风是牛头人牧师的领头人。

侏儒牧师

Questionmark-medium.png 以下为理论推测和演绎,不能被当做官方说明。

自从加入联盟,侏儒就对圣光产生过兴趣。但是他们对科技的高度关注以及收回诺莫瑞根的事件让圣光对他们来说显得不是那么的必要,对他们来说只要有铁炉堡的矮人牧师和圣骑士与圣光联系就够了。如今侏儒在诺莫瑞根重新建立了立足点 ,在铁炉堡外面重建他们的文明,但他们意识到了自己种族中须有圣光的追随者。再者,研究对被辐射的侏儒的净化方法越来越倾向用圣光来净化![9]

大灾变之前,侏儒牧师似乎主要着重研究神圣力量的治疗效果,但是比起法术,他们更重视对其药物性的研究。他们对这种力量的使用其实更像是急救,一些侏儒牧师称自己为医生、医务人员或者外科医生。[10][11] 虽然没有证实,但是侏儒牧师很可能不像其他牧师一样在意如何控制黑暗力量。

著名的牧师

详见:List of priests

一位德莱尼牧师
姓名 角色 势力 状态 位置
中立  阿隆索斯·法奥 圣光教堂前领袖 独立 存活 虚空之光神殿
联盟  安度因·乌瑞恩 暴风城国王 暴风城 存活 多地
中立  本尼迪塔斯 暮光之锤前领袖及圣光教堂前领袖 暮光之锤, 古神军团 已故-可击杀 多地
联盟  伊莉迪 杀死德拉茍纳克斯的暗影牧师 联盟 已故 埋葬在外域
奥尔多  Ishanah 奥尔多高阶牧师 奥尔多, 沙塔尔, 联盟 存活 Shrine of Unending Light, 沙塔斯城
中立  森金 暗矛氏族前酋长,沃金之父 暗矛氏族 已故 未知
部落  塔忽•圣风 推测为头牛人祭司 雷霆崖 存活 雷霆崖#Rises, 雷霆崖
联盟  泰兰德·语风 艾露恩的高阶牧师暗夜精灵的联合领袖 达纳苏斯, 艾露恩姐妹会 存活 多地
联盟  维伦 纳鲁的先知,德莱尼的领袖 埃索达 活动 多地
部落  扎布拉·海克斯 血色十字军成立之前为血色修道院的居民 独立 存活 未知
中立  佳莉娅·米奈希尔 洛丹伦前公主 独立,洛丹伦王国(正式) 存活 法奥之墓, 提瑞斯法林地

概述

Aelthalyste resides in the War Quarter of Undercity ready to train priests of all capabilities.

技能

如果你要找的是牧师技能的列表,请访问牧师技能.

牧师能为任何团队提供各种技能。根据专业不同,牧师可以做为治疗者来治疗或保护盟友,或者对敌人造成暗影伤害。但是牧师能做的远远不只是这些。牧师能提高盟友的耐力,防止被恐惧,为团队回复法力,甚至能为盟友驱散魔法减益及疾病。牧师能恐惧、沉默敌人,或使敌人惊骇,还能移除敌人的一些增益和免疫。与生俱来的控制他人的能力能让牧师能用一个远方的目标的视角观察,也能控制对手的心智,把敌方变为友方,或者把他们送向悬崖摔死。

治疗

Priests have a range of healing abilities. Discipline and Holy priests are natural masters of healing and protection, and have additional capabilities in these areas, with spells ranging from direct heals and heal over time effects to AoE abilities and on-damage procs. Atonement also allows Discipline priests to heal through dealing damage, with the added bonus of generating Evangelism stacks for use with Archangel. While Shadow priests excel at wreaking havoc, they can still provide significant healing should the need arise, with Glyph of Dark Binding providing a loophole from their shadowy division from the Light, and can contribute passive healing to their group through Vampiric Embrace.

减伤

As well as an array of healing options, priests can choose to shield their allies from damage. This pre-emptive approach to damage prevention allows for rapid and lifesaving intervention, but can require skill to correctly anticipate incoming damage. Power Word: Shield is the priest's signature shield, absorbing attacks directed at the target and preventing pushback. While all priests are capable of shielding themselves and their allies, Discipline priests are the masters of damage absorption, gaining mana and haste from shielding through Rapture and Borrowed Time. Discipline priests can also protect their allies with Power Word: Barrier and Spirit Shell, as well as effortlessly generating shields through Divine Aegis. Each spec also has a powerful damage-reduction cooldown, from the direct avoidance of Pain Suppression and Dispersion to the self-sacrifing grace of Guardian Spirit. Glyph of Fade and Inner Fire also offer limited mitigation for the priest.

伤害输出

Remba, Abbess of Ash, a dwarf shadow-priest.

Priests have access to two schools of magic - Holy and Shadow - and can deal substantial amounts of damage from either. Priests have a number of direct damage options, as well as a few DoTs and specialtiesShadow priests are without doubt the most damage-oriented of priests, but Discipline priests with Atonement come a respectable second. Even healing priests can contribute some damage by summoning their temporary pet - the Shadowfiend or Mindbender - to attack enemies. Priests with Glyph of Reflective Shield can also use Power Word: Shield to reflect damage back upon their attackers.

功能性

As well as their obvious capabilities in healing and dealing damage, priests also have access to a range of utility spells, many of which are unique to the priest class. Abilities such as Levitate, Mind Vision and Dominate Mind can make the priest class fun to play, but are also capable of providing game-changing advantages if used correctly. Priests can evade aggro with Fade, as well as buffing their allies with Power Word: Fortitude and providing limited fear protection with Fear Ward. Priests can also cast Leap of Faith to pull other players to the priest and possibly save them from death.

驱散

Priests are significantly capable dispellers. They can strip magical buffs and even immunities from their enemies with Dispel Magic and Mass Dispel, while Discipline and Holy priests can also Purify their allies of magic and disease effects. Discipline and Holy priests can generally consider dispelling to be their most important duty after healing, while Shadow priests are also capable of contributing if necessary.

群体控制与机动性

Priests have a range of abilities to aid in escaping and incapacitating their attackers. Body and Soul, Angelic Feather and Glyph of Levitate provide speed boosts for the priest or their allies, while Psychic Scream and Psyfiend provide excellent fear effects. Phantasm and Shadow priests' Dispersion can be used to slip out of roots and snares, while Spectral Guise allows for a different type of evasion, and Void Tendrils can keep opponents distracted for long enough for the priest to slip away or finish the job.

Shadow priests have the most crowd control abilities, with Silence and Psychic Horror being particularly useful against casters and melee types, respectively, Mind Flay providing a 50% snare, and Glyph of Mind Blast offering an on-crit root effect. Priests can also offer sustainable crowd control on undead targets with Shackle Undead, while Holy priests can disorientate and interrupt opponents with Holy Word: Chastise. Priests can also take control of other players or creatures temporarily by using Dominate Mind.

属性,武器及护甲

种族

Charkov, another forsaken priest.

详见:Priest races


除了兽人以外的种族都可以选择牧师。牧师的初始状态如下: 模板:Priest attributes

专精

For a full list of specialization abilities, see Priest abilities

There are three priest specializations: Discipline, Holy and Shadow. Discipline and Holy priests are powerful healers, with the former specializing in damage mitigation (with a side-line in healing through damage-dealing), and the latter excelling in sheer healing power, as well as a versatile range of healing options. Shadow priests are ranged DPS that assault their opponents' minds with shadowy magic, specializing in sinister damage over time effects and crowd control. While all priests can use Dispel Magic and the potent Mass Dispel, Discipline and Holy priests are especially capable dispellers, with Purify allowing them to instantly cleanse an ally of all diseases and magical afflictions.

戒律

Priest preview Discipline.jpg
Spell holy powerwordshield.png
使用魔法护盾保护盟友不受伤害,也能及时治愈他们的伤口。

Discipline priests are powerful healers, choosing to focus on absorbing damage with Power Word: Shield, Divine Aegis and Spirit Shell - improved by the Discipline mastery Mastery: Shield Discipline - as well as mitigating damage with Power Word: Barrier and Pain Suppression. As well as preventing and reversing damage, Discipline priests can also heal through dealing damage, thanks to Atonement. Discipline also have some useful utilities such as Archangel, Inner Focus and Borrowed Time. The signature Discipline ability is Penance, launching a volley of Holy Light to heal an ally, damage an enemy, or both (with Atonement).

The combination of strong cooldowns and a focus on preemptive healing tends to make Discipline priests the preferred healing option for PvP. Their Power Word: Shield is improved in multiple ways, becoming an efficient and powerful protection option, with effects like Divine Insight also making it available more often. Discipline priests anticipating incoming damage can stack protection with effects such as Divine Aegis, Spirit Shell and Pain Suppression, allowing them to protect their allies even when incapacitated, while Atonement offers highly efficient healing, and can be useful when healing is not too critical, conserving mana and contributing to damage-dealing. Discipline priests are capable of healing multiple targets, but excel at keeping single targets alive through the most brutal of onslaughts.

Some priests pride themselves on pragmatism. They understand that light casts a shadow, that darkness is defined by light, and that true discipline stems from one’s ability to balance these opposing powers in services of a greater cause. While these priests possess many holy virtues to aid their allies, they also dabble in the dark arts to debilitate their enemies—always exercising immense discipline to keep themselves away from the brink of insanity. Many would say the ends justify the means; scriptures both virtuous and vile should be studied and understood to protect the congregation.[12]

神圣

Priest preview Holy.jpg
Spell holy guardianspirit.png
多才多艺的治疗,既能够单体治疗也能够照顾到整个团队,甚至能够在牺牲之后继续治疗。

Holy priests are some of the most versatile healers, with a variety of tools to sustain their group. In comparison to the Discipline priest, the Holy priest focuses primarily on reactive healing rather than damage prevention. As well as powerful direct healing, Holy priests also have access heal over time effects such as Renew (refreshed by any direct heals while within Chakra: Serenity), Holy Word: Sanctuary and the Holy mastery Mastery: Echo of Light, which grants healed targets a heal over time effect based on the initial heal.

Key to Holy priests' versatility is their use of different Chakras to focus on the demands of the current situation: Chakra: Serenity favours single-target healing, while Chakra: Sanctuary benefits multiple target and AoE healing, and Chakra: Chastise is very useful for dealing damage. Each Chakra state also grants the priest a new ability: Holy Word: Serenity is a powerful instant heal, Holy Word: Sanctuary an AoE heal over time effect, and Holy Word: Chastise is useful for dealing damage and disorienting targets.

Holy priests also have some of the most interesting and unusual healing options in the game. Lightwell offers players a powerful self-service healing option, which can be converted with Glyph of Lightspring to dispense itself. Circle of Healing is an instant multi-target smart-heal. Guardian Spirit is an extremely powerful buff capable of saving a target from certain death. Holy priests can even heal from beyond the grave with Spirit of Redemption - for a limited time.

After spending much of their lives in temples studying ancient doctrine, preaching the tenets of their faith, and pledging their full devotion to the divine powers they follow, the most adept priests leave their houses of worship to serve on the battlefield, as shepherd to flock. There, they use their holy powers to bless allies and mend wounds. And while most stay behind the frontlines to aid their comrades, these holy champions are also capable of smiting foes and carrying out sacred justice. They’re also morally opposed to the use of Shadow and Void magic—rather, they are exemplars of the incredible grace and power of the divine and the Light, and even death cannot fully stop their healing capabilities.[12]

暗影

Priest preview Shadow.jpg
Spell Shadow ShadowWordPain.png
使用邪恶的暗影魔法彻底根除敌人,尤其擅长使用持续伤害性法术。

Shadow priests are born damage-dealers. The signature Shadowform increases Shadow priests' damage and increases survivability, while increasing the spell haste of their whole party. Shadow priests tend to focus on afflicting targets with the damage over time effects Shadow Word: Pain and Vampiric Touch, the latter also serving to regenerate the priest's mana. The usual Shadow priest rotation involves a mixture of DoTs and direct damage using the potent Mind Blast, filling the gaps with their signature "face-melter" Mind Flay, contributing additional damage and snaring their victims. Shadow priests gain the secondary resource Shadow Orbs, and once generated can use these to unleash a Devouring Plague upon their enemies - dealing damage and healing the priest - or shock their minds with Psychic Horror. Shadow Orbs can be generated through Mind Blast and Shadow Word: Death, which Shadow priests are able to use more often than their less shadowy brethren.

Shadow priests also excel at crowd control. As well as the talented Psychic Scream and Psychic Horror, Shadow priests can use Silence to interrupt and silence casters. In the hands of a skilled Shadow priest, these abilities can be combined to provide windows of opportunity that can prove fatal to even the most battle-hardened healer. Shadow priests also have a powerful survival and mana regeneration ability in Dispersion, and can convert their damage into healing through Vampiric Embrace.

Shadow priests tend to focus on damage over time, improved by the Shadow mastery Shadowy Recall. This approach allows them to deal damage simultaneously to multiple targets, and to continue dealing damage even while the priest is incapacitated or hidden out of line of sight. However, in situations where there isn't sufficient time to build a full array of DoTs, Shadow priests can use Mind Spike and Mind Blast to quickly burn targets down. While dedicated damage dealers, when need be Shadow priests are also capable off-healers, with the unexpected healing or shielding of an attentive Shadow priest potentially saving the day. While healing requires priests to drop out of Shadowform, Power Word: Shield and other Holy spells can still be used to great effect, allowing the priest to regularly shield themselves from attack, and if necessary pull allies out of harm's way without missing a beat.

The Light in which many priests bathe is brilliant and effervescent, granting them immense divine power. But the brightest light casts the darkest shadow—and from within this blackness, a rival power dwells. Shadow priests fully embrace this opposing polarity, their faith equally resolute as their holy counterparts—but focused on shadowy magics and mental manipulation. Like all priests, they dedicate much of their lives to worship—but they derive their power from the Void, straying dangerously close to the domain of the Old Gods. To truly understand such ancient, corruptive influence is to be driven mad. This is the state in which these dark priests thrive, embracing insanity and feeding off of the minds of their opponents to reach terrifying new limits.[12]

注释

The priest prestige class was eliminated from the World of Warcraft RPG and replaced with the priest core class.[13]

视频

<vplayer/>

  • {{#vlink:9-hXOr-umg8|Official Crash Course: Level 90 Priest (Shadow)}}
  • {{#vlink:XhmkjvR_gD8|Shadow Priest: Overview of changes with Mists of Pandaria}}
  • {{#vlink:zx0hBTGPa78|Discipline and Holy Priests: Overview of changes with Mists of Pandaria}}

参见

Gallery

补丁改动

参考文献

  1. http://us.battle.net/wow/en/game/class/priest
  2. Blizzard Entertainment. 《Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos Manual》, 10. 
  3. Blizzard Entertainment. 《Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos Manual》, 82. 
  4. World of Warcraft: The Roleplaying Game, 70
  5. 模板:Ref tcg
  6. Quest:Hallowed Scroll, World of Warcraft. 暴雪娱乐. Tirisfal Glades. Dark Cleric Duesten: "...the Holy Light no longer concerns you, the spirits of your forefathers are fairy tales, and creatures from the Nether don't want you.".
  7. World of Warcraft: The Magazine Issue 4
  8. Quest:Garments of Darkness, World of Warcraft. 暴雪娱乐. Tirisfal Glades. Dark Cleric Beryl: "But before you can know the dark, you must also know the light.".
  9. Ask CDev - Round 1
  10. "Doc" Cogspin
  11. Chief Surgeon Gashweld
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Legion Class Preview Series: Priest
  13. World of Warcraft: The Roleplaying Game Conversion Document, 1-2

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